Industry employment and wage data is collected through the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program. The primary source for QCEW data are the reports submitted by employers to the Utah Unemployment Insurance program.
For more information Click here http://www.bls.gov/cew/cewover.htm
Utah's employment and payroll information is one of the most formidable tools available for analyzing Utah's statewide and regional economies. Like any powerful tool, of course, it requires care in its use and some understanding of its operation. To get the most out of the data, it is helpful to have a solid understanding of how it is gathered and compiled.
Unlike data that come from sample surveys, Utah employment and payroll information is based on tax reports submitted quarterly by employers subject to Unemployment Insurance (UI) law and by the program of Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).
Employment is reported by firms for each month using the payroll period that includes the 12th day of each month. Wages are reported for the entire quarter. For example, if a company pays its employees twice a month, the employment reported would be only the number of employees who worked during the first payroll period of each month. The total wages reported would be the sum of both pay periods for each of the three months in the quarter.
Thus, the nature of the way that the figures are reported means that employment is a point-in-time count, rather than a measure of full-time equivalency. For example, if a company's payroll is semi-monthly and the employer has five employees during the month, but one started work on the 20th of the month, only four employees would be included in that month's employment tally.
Summary level employment and payroll data are based on ownership (e.g. private, federal, state, etc.), county, and industry classification codes assigned by the Employment Department. The most detailed industry data are available at the statewide level, with county data available at a higher level of aggregation.
Average Employment: A calendar year or quarterly average of the number of employees reported to the Utah Department of Workforce Services by employers subject to Utahs unemployment insurance laws, federal agencies in Utah subject to the Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) program and other Utah employers not included under unemployment insurance. Employment in this case signifies jobs and not persons, i.e. a person holding more than one job would show up more than once in the employment count. Employment includes most corporation officials, executives, supervisory personnel and clerical workers. It excludes proprietors, self-employed, unpaid family workers who neither work nor received wages as a result of strikes or work stoppages, temporary layoffs or unpaid sick or vacation leave.
Establishments: Any firm, organization or division for which data are separately reported to the Utah Department of Workforce Services, I.e. individual physical facilities such as stores, plants, offices, and other worksites.
Payroll: All yearly remuneration paid to nonagricultural workers, including gross wages, commissions, bonuses, cash as payment for the job. Reimbursement for travel or other business expenditures are not included.
Average Monthly Wage: "Payroll" divided by the number of employees on payroll.